- Despite concerns, overall client confidence in their ability to retire has increased from five years ago
- Healthcare costs and market volatility driving fears of running out of money
- CPA financial planners say to plan for future healthcare costs early, don’t try to time the market, and have a tax efficient plan to draw down assets to increase retirement readiness
Of all the concerns impacting Americans’ retirement today, running out of money, maintaining their lifestyle and rising healthcare expenses continue to top the list. This according to the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) Personal Financial Planning Trends Survey which was conducted Aug.20 through Sept. 24, 2018, and includes responses from 631 CPA financial planners.
Running out of money is the top financial concern of clients planning for retirement, cited by 30 percent of CPA financial planners. This reflects an improvement from the AICPA’s 2016 survey, which found 41 percent of clients listing it as a top concern. This is likely due to the economy’s steady improvement over the last few years, with the stock market continuing to climb despite volatility. Clients worried about maintaining their current lifestyle and spending level (28 percent) in retirement was a close second financial concern. Stress from rising health care costs (18 percent) was a distant third. However, with medical costs forecast to continue growing throughout 2019, it is not surprising that this concern is up 7 percentage points from 2016.
“There’s been a relatively steady increase in asset values over the last few years. This, in turn, has led to stronger client balance sheets and presumably increased confidence that their money will continue working for them well into retirement,” said Michael Landsberg, CPA/PFS member of the AICPA Personal Financial Planning Executive Committee. “Of course, all of this can change which is why it is important to revisit asset allocation, make appropriate adjustments and ensure your savings and investments will be able to fund the lifestyle you envision in retirement.”
Nearly half (48 percent) of clients have expressed concerns about outliving their money, according to the survey. Interestingly, that outweighs the 39 percent of planners who have concerns about their clients outliving their money. This underscores the extent to which even well-positioned clients are stressed over the prospect they’ll outlive their cash. When asked about the top three sources of client financial and emotional stress concerning outliving their money, healthcare costs (77 percent), market fluctuations (53 percent) and unexpected costs (50 percent) were cited as the top issues. Additional causes for financial stress include lifestyle expenses (42 percent), the possibility of being a financial burden on their relatives (22 percent) and the desire to leave an inheritance for their children (21 percent).
“A sophisticated financial plan takes into account both the client’s financial and emotional concerns,” said Andrea Millar, CPA/PFS, Association of International Certified Professional Accountants Director of Financial Planning. “To mitigate the fear of the unknown, CPA financial planners map out a wide range of future scenarios, establish long term goals and work with their clients to ensure they have adequate coverage to cover the healthcare costs that may crop up in their retirement ahead.”
Even with adequate planning, retirement becomes more complicated as clients age. In fact, 57 percent of CPAs are seeing long term care issues impact their clients’ retirement planning more frequently than they did five years ago. Only one percent saw this issue crop up less often, with 42 percent saying they had not seen a change. Fifty percent of CPAs saw an increase in clients taking care of aging relatives, with only 3 percent seeing this issue less often, and 47 percent saying about the same as five years ago. The survey also found 45 percent of CPAs citing diminished capacity as an issue impacting clients’ retirement planning more often (3 percent less often, 53 percent about the same) than five years ago.
Collectively, these issues demonstrate the competing challenges individuals face when planning for their retirement and the need for expert planning advice to meet their goals. On a positive note, as the labor market has continued to improve more than a third (36 percent) of CPAs said job loss is impacting their clients’ retirement planning less often compared to five years ago (55 percent about the same, 9 percent more often).
“It is incumbent on financial planners to act sooner than later when planning for their client’s late retirement years. Particularly, they should address client concerns about long-term care and the prospect of diminished capacity to ensure their clients wishes will be carried out,” added Millar.
Despite a number of concerns, the overall retirement picture for clients of CPA financial planners is improving. When asked to compare their clients’ current situation to five years ago, half of CPA financial planners (50 percent) say their clients have more confidence they’re ready for retirement. That outweighs the third (33 percent) that stated they find their clients to be less confident. Another 17 percent saw no change.
To help Americans feel more confident about their retirement readiness, members of the American Institute of CPAs’ Personal Financial Planning Executive Committee have put together these 5 tips:
- Don’t Wait, Explore Long Term Care Coverage Early.
As individuals are living longer lives, having a plan in place for a serious illness or incapacity is critical for maintaining peace of mind. Individuals should first consider all the options available for dealing with prolonged medical and personal care in a way that accomplishes their goals within the constraints of their financial situation. Individuals should compare the relevant options such as traditional long-term care insurance, hybrid long term care insurance, Medicaid options, or self-insuring. However, they should not wait to explore coverage options. Applicants over 70 years old run an increased risk of being denied long-term care insurance due to health issues.
- Don’t Look at Your Portfolio Too Often.
In any given year, the stock market has an approximately 70-percent chance of going up in value. However, on a daily basis that likelihood decreases to approximately 53 percent. Just understand that markets will fluctuate wildly in both directions but have historically gone up over long periods of time. Checking your portfolio daily can tempt investors to make short-sighted decisions that can easily derail an otherwise sound portfolio allocation.
- Ramp up Savings by Taking Advantage of Catch-Up Contributions Once Age 50.
Catch-up contributions are a great strategy for those who are age 50 and over and looking to secure the likelihood of a successful retirement. Individuals age 50 and over can make an additional $6,000 contribution to their 401(k) or most other employer-sponsored retirement plans for 2019. For IRAs, an individual can contribute an additional $1,000.
- Have a Tax-Efficient Drawdown Strategy.
Be sure to have a plan for how to best consume retirement savings tax-efficiently in retirement. Without thoughtful planning, taxes can take a hefty bite out of cash flow and that’s especially painful when living on a fixed income in retirement. It’s critical to be mindful of retirement withdrawals bouncing you into a higher tax bracket, affecting taxes on Social Security benefits, and triggering higher capital gains taxes and other adverse tax consequences.
- Plan to Pay off or Pay down Debt Before Retirement.
As individuals enter retirement and reach the end of the accumulation phase of their life, the continued use of debt should be revisited. Debt is generally unfavorable for individuals in retirement as it hurts their cash flow. Managing cash flow is critical because retirees typically live on a fixed income derived from their investment portfolio, social security, and pension plans. When approaching retirement, it is prudent to review all outstanding liabilities and decide whether any debt should be paid down or paid off while you still have the financial flexibility to do so.